The baby's primary and secondary reflexes

The baby's primary and secondary reflexes

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What are reflections? The reflections are the automatic response or reaction of babies, triggered by some external stimulus. The baby's ability to adapt and have greater control over his body and the environment depends on reflexes.

The reflexes must be closely observed, both by the parents and by the baby's pediatrician who will be in charge of carrying out a neurological evaluation of the baby, which will allow to detect if there are any problems and thus reduce future problems. Before leaving the hospital, the baby will be performed the well-known Apgar test, to measure the baby's reactions to stimuli, and their reflexes.

They are those that manifest the baby at the time of its birth and that some may disappear in a few months. For example:

- Foot movement. When the baby is held by the armpits and in an upright position, the baby is able to move his feet as if he were wanting to walk. This reflex usually lasts for about four months.

- Head turn. When the baby is laid on his back, the baby turns his head to the side, while keeping his arms stretched upwards. It lasts about three months.

- Pressure in the hands or grasping reflex. When an object is placed in a baby's hand, he will try to close it. The contact that is established between the person and the baby favors the affective bond. It usually disappears after 6 months.

- Pressure in the mouth or sucking reflex. When an object is placed or gently brushed against the baby's lips, suction is caused. It can last up to the fourth month.

- Pressure in the feet. When the top of a baby's toe is brushed, they will automatically flex all of their toes. Lasts up to nine or twelve months

- Reflection of the sides or balance. When the doctor, when lifting the baby by lifting him on one side, he will shrink the upper leg while stretching the other, letting it "hang". This is how your sense of balance is checked.

They are those that manifest themselves throughout the first months of the baby's life and that can also disappear over time. For example:

- Galant's reflection. When the hand passes through the baby's lower back and to the sides, it is observed that he slightly arches his body up and to the sides. It can last up to one year of birth.

- Reflection of the Moor. When the baby is placed on a soft surface and is held and pulled by the wrists, separating them a little, and letting him fall backwards. The baby will open his arms and throw them forward as if on impulse he wanted to give a hug. Then cry. Lasts up to the fourth month of life.

- Search Reflection. When the lips of the baby's mouth are touched or caressed, he turns his head and opens his mouth to follow or search in the direction of contact. This will help the baby find the breast or bottle to feed. In the first month the baby can turn his head in search of what has been put on his lips.

- Drag Reflection. When the baby, placed on his stomach, he will try to move his legs to crawl forward. It can be helped by placing your thumbs under the baby's feet. They will support you. This reflex is usually maintained up to three months of life.

- Reflection of Landau: When the baby is suspended in the ventral position, the trunk straightens, the head rises and the feet and arms are stretched. It usually appears by the fourth month and disappears by the tenth month.

- Parachute Reflection: When the baby is held by the sides on his tummy and leaned forward, he will react by extending his arms and opening his hands. It appears at six months and disappears at nine.

- Crawling reflex: When placing the baby lying on his tummy and on a solid and secure base, it can be noticed that he will automatically get into a crawling position. It usually appears for 6 or 7 months until you start walking.

- Reflection of the Pass: When by holding the baby around your tummy, holding it under your armpits and trying to stand up, the baby will begin to move as if taking its first steps, by touching your feet to a solid base. This is how the process begins for the baby to learn to walk.

There are reflections that appear when we are babies and that last into our adulthood. For example:

- Reflex cough. When one coughs in reaction to some stimulus in the airway.

- Sneeze reflex. You sneeze to extract or expel some discomfort in the nasal passages.

- Yawning reflex. You yawn from the need to stimulate your breathing.

- Blink reflex. Blink is a reflex that we express when the eyes are suddenly exposed to bright light.

You can read more articles similar to The baby's primary and secondary reflexes, in the category of on-site development stages.

Video: Baby - Dolls Eye Movement (July 2022).


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